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Women With Low Bone Density Benefit From Dairy Foods Fortified With Calcium, Vitamin D

January 1, 2011: 10:36 AM EST

Postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density were able to increase density by consuming milk and yogurt fortified with vitamin D and calcium over 30 months, researchers in Greece report. The study involved 40 women aged 55 – 65 years who were randomly assigned to two groups: a control group and one that consumed 1,200 mg of calcium and 7.5 micrograms of vitamin D3 daily for 12 months. Vitamin D was then increased to 22.5 micrograms for 18 months. The researchers found that vitamin D levels dropped significantly in the control group during the winter months, but remained the same for the dietary calcium/vitamin D group. The dietary group also experienced significant drops in levels of C-terminal telopeptides (CTx) after six and 12 months. CTx weakens bone weakening by breaking down type-I collagen.

Roxane Tenta, et al. , "Calcium and vitamin D supplementation through fortified dairy products counterbalances seasonal variations of bone metabolism indices - the Postmenopausal Health Study", European Journal Of Nutrition, January 01, 2011, © Springer-Verlag
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