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Obesity, Physical Fitness Impact Periodontal Health

August 2, 2010: 09:16 AM EST
A Japanese study has found that obesity and physical fitness seem to have an impact on periodontal health. Researchers measured body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage as indicators of obesity in 1,160 people aged 20 to 77. Those with the lowest BMI had the least incidences of severe periodontitis, or advanced gum disease. Likewise, after measuring oxygen use during exercise as an indicator of physical fitness, researchers found that those whose oxygen consumption was highest during exercise also were less likely to have severe periodontitis. “This study suggests that obesity and physical fitness may have some interactive effect on periodontal health status,” the researchers concluded.
Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Yuko Egami, Takeshi Matsubara, George Koike, Sumio Akifusa, Sumie Jingu, and Yoshihisa Yamashita, "Relationship Between Obesity and Physical Fitness and Periodontitis", Journal of Periodontology, August 02, 2010, © American Academy of Periodontology
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