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Creatine Supplementation Improves Memory In Vegetarians

December 1, 2010: 06:58 PM EST

The naturally-occurring organic acid creatine, found mostly in meat, fish and other animal products, is often used as a muscle-enhancing supplement in sports applications. Various studies have shown that creatine also influences brain functioning. Because creatine levels are known to be lower in vegetarians, British researchers examined whether creatine supplementation would enhance cognitive functions in vegetarians. For the double-blind study, 128 young adult females were divided into vegetarian and non-vegetarian groups that consumed either a placebo or 20 g of creatine supplement for 5 days. After applying a battery of cognitive function tests, researchers found that creatine supplementation did not influence measures of verbal fluency and vigilance. “However, in vegetarians rather than in those who consume meat, creatine supplementation resulted in better memory,” researchers concluded.

David Benton and Rachel Donohoe, "The influence of creatine supplementation on the cognitive functioning of vegetarians and omnivores", British Journal of Nutrition, December 01, 2010, © British Journal of Nutrition
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